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Fish Facts
 

   SALMON
  • COHO SALMON
  • CHINOOK SALMON
  • PINK SALMON


  •  COHO SALMON (also known as silver salmon, blue back)

         IDENTIFICATION & FEATURES:
    • Differs from chinook salmon by having white gums in a dark mouth
    • Small black spots confined to the caudal fin and above the lateral line
    • Silvery sides, steel grey back, white belly
         HABITAT:
    • Found in the Great Lakes at depths of 16 to 60m (49-197 ft.)
    • Prefers water that is 12-14 C (53-57 F)
    • Native of the West Coast
         SPAWNING:
    • At ages 3-4, moves into rivers in the fall to spawn
    • Both males and females die after spawning
         FOOD:
    • Feeds on alewife, smelt, insects and crustaceans
         ANGLING:
    • In streams takes spinners, spawn and spawn imitations
    • In lakes, may be caught by trolling spoons and salmon baits

     CHINOOK SALMON (also known as king salmon, pacific salmon)

         IDENTIFICATION & FEATURES:
    • Black spots on the head, back and both lobes of the caudal fin
    • Mouth lining black with black gums
    • Blue green head and back with silver sides
         HABITAT:
    • Found in the Great Lakes at depths of 16 to 60m (49-197 ft.)
    • Prefers water that is 12-14 C (53-57 F)
    • Native of the West Coast
         SPAWNING:
    • Usually spawns at age 4
    • Moves into rivers in the fall to spawn
    • Males and females die after spawning
         FOOD:
    • Feeds on alewife, smelt, insects and crustaceans
         ANGLING:
    • Caught in lakes by trolling spoons, plugs, dodgers and flies
    • In streams in the fall, readily takes spawn and spinners

     

     PINK SALMON (also known as pink)

         IDENTIFICATION & FEATURES:
    • Large black spots on back and tail fin, but not on dorsal fin
    • Bluish grey back, silvery sides and underparts
    • Forked tail
    • Narrow caudal peduncle
         HABITAT:
    • Introduced into Lake Superior in 1956 near Thunder Bay, this west coast salmon has spread naturally throughout the Great Lakes
         SPAWNING:
    • It travels up rivers in the fall to spawn
    • At spawning time the males develop a humped back, hooked snout, dark back and red sides
    • Males and females die after spawning
         FOOD:
    • Small fish, Smelt and insects
         ANGLING:
    • In streams takes spinners, spawn and spawn imitations
    • In lakes, may be caught by trolling spoons and salmon baits

     

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